Dr. Shalu Pal

  • "If you want quality and wonderful service, please go to Dr. Shalu Pal! The patience, care, and true concern that Dr. Pal has for her clients is wonderful. "

    --Seleena J
  • " I was pleasantly surprised by finding a hidden gem within Dr. Pal's office"

  • "Finally a doctor who is extremely knowledgeable, patient and explains things clearly. She is a wonderful human being who really takes the time to care for your needs. The office has a wonderful atmosphere and the staff are just as helpful as Dr. Pal. "

  • "I couldn't ask for a better Optometrist. She is a delight to deal with, very patient, helpful and extremely knowledgeable. She was very good with my kids who can be very fussy at times.. And who could ask for a more beautiful location. Highly Recommend! "

    --Natalie M.
  • "My wife and I, highly recommend Dr. Pal. The staff, the service, the merchandise, are all top notch. They really make you feel welcomed. It has been several years since I have been able to see this well !!! You and your staff are the best !!!! "

    --Steve and Maria L.
  • "We barely go to optometrists so when we do, we should look for the best! I am super pleased I chose Dr. Pal\'s office. They were helpful from beginning to end, from booking on the phone to my actual visit. Dr. Pal was very detailed and went in-depth about my eye health. She is very patient and made me feel calm. The optician helped me pick a great pair of glasses, they were genuinely friendly which is a huge bonus."

    --Ahmad S
  • "I have been going to Dr. Pal for several years now. My most recent visit on June 6, 2016 was the best experience there that I have ever had. Firstly, the women on the desk were friendly and efficient - a very good prelude to my examination. Dr. Pal, herself, was, as usual, very thorough and encouraging in her examination. And she puts you at ease before we get into the eyes examination by discussing other things in life. That helps to ease any stress I may have. And they now have a man in the office who does that difficult examination (name of which I do not know!). He is so patient and encouraging and made the exam not so difficult for me this time. After all that, I saw Dr. Pal again before I left and she told me my eyes were good! Even had the news been not so good, I believe that I would be able to handle it because I truly believe that Dr. Pal and her staff would have taken good care of me. I will always go back to Dr. Pal and members of her team because I truly believe"

    --A. Howlett
  • " I have been to a few appointments at Dr. Pal\'s office over the last year for dry eye issues and every time it has been a very positive experience. The 3 receptionists at the front desk are warm and friendly. They are attentive and provide a very high level of customer service. I appreciate that they call me by name and remembered conversations we had at previous visits. I find Dr. Pal to be an excellent practitioner who is very thorough with her exams, has a lovely personality and takes the time to answer any and all questions that may arise. I am happy with the computer glasses I purchased and value the honest opinions I received from the staff when selecting frames. It was refreshing to have multiple opinions on styles and I felt they truly wanted me to walk out with a frame that was best suited to me. I highly recommend Dr. Pal \'s office! As a health care practitioner myself, I think all health care experiences should be this personilzed and friendly!"

    --A. Mclean
Recurrent Corneal Erosion


Recurrent Corneal Erosion

It might be helpful in understanding this condition if you were to visualize a freshly tiled kitchen floor...that’s right a kitchen floor the old fashioned kind with 12-inch square tiles fastened to the floor with an adhesive. Hold this thought.

Back to the cornea

If you were to look at a cross-section of a human cornea under a microscope you’d see that it consists of 5 identifiable layers. In the context of recurrent erosion syndrome we are primarily interested in the top layer of corneal cells called the epithelium.

Think of the individual corneal epithelial cells on the surface of your cornea as tiles on your kitchen floor. Similar to the tiles being fastened to a sub-floor normal corneal epithelial cells are firmly attached to a thin underlying “basement membrane”. Epithelial cells are also very tightly attached to their neighbours. This firm adherence both to the basement membrane below and to each neighbouring cell makes for a firm seal on the surface of the cornea which protects the eye from invading microorganisms and toxins.

Recurrent erosion syndrome (RES) refers to repeated episodes of a group (or several groups) of corneal epithelial cells losing their attachment sloughing away and causing painful symptoms.

What are the symptoms?

If you’re like most people with RES you’ve been experiencing mild to severe eye pain redness tearing and light sensitivity particularly in the morning upon awakening. Certain people have also reported blurred vision. During deep sleep our eyes actually move around a lot rubbing against the corneal epithelium. If the epithelial cells are abnormally loosely attached they can be easily dislodged completely pulling away from their attachment upon awakening and opening the eyelids. OUCH!!!

Typically recurrent corneal erosions occur in eyes previously afflicted by a sharp abrading injury such as from a fingernail or paper cut. This particular kind of tissue-tearing injury often results in the improper or inadequate healing of the basement membrane which causes the eye to become prone to recurrent erosions in the future.

Some patients are particularly prone to recurrent erosions because they have a common underlying abnormality of the basement membrane-epithelial cell attachment called epithelial basement membrane dystrophy (EBMD).

Recurrent corneal erosions are usually not limited to one eye and occur somewhat more frequently in females than in males. RES and EBMD sufferers are typically above the age of 40.

Treatment for RES?

Today a great deal can be done to prevent your corneal epithelial cells from eroding. Your eye doctor will most likely recommend that you begin aggressively lubricating your eyes with artificial tears. Depending on the severity of your RES you may need to use over-the-counter preservative-free artificial tears for a minimum of four times per day combined with artificial tear ointment at bedtime.

If aggressive lubrication offers little help a therapeutic bandage soft contact lens may be used to prevent further erosions. In an attempt to prevent further corneal abrasions and promote better healing this specially designed contact lens may need to remain on the eye without removal for a period of several weeks to several months.

Most patients recover completely with aggressive lubrication and/or placement of a bandage contact lens. But for those individuals who remain symptomatic with RES there are other highly successful treatments that can be performed either surgically or using laser technology.

A new approach to treatment

It has been postulated that a group of enzymes called matrix metalloproteinases can degrade the epithelial cell attachment complexes thus hindering the healing of the epithelial cells following cutting types of corneal injuries resulting from fingernails paper cuts etc.

A recent study demonstrated that corticosteroid and tetracycline eye drops decreased the activity of metalloproteinase enzymes. Certainly more research in this area needs to be done but this is good news for the RES sufferer.

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