Age-Related Macular Degeneration
An estimated 13 - 15 million Americans show evidence of Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) a progressive eye condition that can destroy “straight-ahead” vision.
February is AMD Awareness Month and we encourage all people especially those at higher risk for this disease to familiarize themselves with the potential symptoms and need for regular eye examinations. To help people better understand this disease we’ve prepared a list of Frequently Asked Questions about AMD.
Q: What is AMD?
A: AMD stands for Age-related Macular Degeneration a disease that breaks down the macula - the light-sensitive portion of the retina that allows you to see fine detail. It blurs the straight-ahead vision required for activities such as reading or driving
Q: What causes AMD?
A: The causes of AMD are still unknown. One form of AMD (Dry) may be caused by aging and thinning of the macular tissues pigment deposits in the macula or a combination of the two. The other form of AMD (Wet) results when new blood vessels grow beneath the retina and leak blood and fluid. This leakage causes retinal cells to die and creates blind spots in central vision.
Q: Who is at risk for AMD?
A: Risk factors for AMD include: Smoking High Blood Pressure Obesity and Family History of AMD. Also Caucasians and females are more prone to AMD.
Q: What are the symptoms of AMD?
A: Early symptoms of AMD included blurred vision or dark spots in the center of vision. The symptoms can appear painlessly and gradually making early detection and treatment essential.
Q: How can AMD be detected?
A: Early-stage AMD can be detected through a comprehensive eye exam that includes a visual acuity test and dilated eye exam. If AMD is detected further tests may be required.
Q: Can AMD be cured?
A: There is no cure or AMD at this time. There are however certain treatments that can slow or minimize vision loss and in some cases even improve vision.
Q: How is AMD treated?
A: There are several treatment options that your eye doctor may consider including:
- Vitamins. Research suggests that certain vitamin supplements taken in combination may reduce vision loss in some stages of AMD
- Drug Therapy
- Laser Surgery (Wet AMD)
While there is no cure for AMD early detection and treatment can slow or minimize vision loss and in some cases even improve vision.. There are also devices that can help people suffering from AMD-related vision loss achieve improvement in their functional vision for performing daily routines.